The strategies of daytime hunting include guessing, detecting, approaching, and shooting.
Experienced hunters never go at random because it is just effortless. In their familiar woods, they know the habitat of some kinds of birds and animals. (Unlike migratory birds, the local birds are less likely to leave far from their area of residence). They also know the places frequented by birds and animals for food, drinking water, etc. Therefore, when they want to hunt a certain kind of animals, they can go straight to that area.
After several times hunting in unfamiliar areas, you need to memorize these areas. Today you might miss a beast in this area, but tomorrow you still can see it loitering in the area.
Some animals go for food and go back to a particular route, forming trails as long caves beneath the dense grass, such as ferret, mouse, and hedgehog. There are also very wary species that never eat in the same location, such as chamois, otters, bull and many other large mammals.
To find the prey, you need to explain the traces left by them such as footprints, feces, feathers, mud sticking on the stalk, crushed grass, digged soil, characteristic smell or even their cry. (Without frequently going in forests, you can still distinguish the cries of many different types of animals thanks to movies about animals).
If an animal is near you, you can hear the sound of dry branches breaking, the sound of leaves and roots being bitten, panting voice, the sound of rustling leaves, etc.
To approach the prey, you have to know how to deceive, hide and disguise. It means you have to know how to mix yourself with the surroundings, from the colors to the scent.
– Use clay, ash, charcoal, soot to apply on the skin at the parts with no covering clothing such as hands, feet, face, etc.
– Clothes must have the same colors as the surrounding natural scenery.
– Do not bring hats or scarves with bright colors, or pieces of jewelry reflecting sunlight such as watches, glasses, and necklaces.
– Do not bring things easy to cause noises such as keys, aluminum water flasks, and other metal objects.
– Do not use relief oil, perfume, and odorous chemicals and do not smoke.
– Move gently by crouching legs, putting toes first and then the heel down.
– Reach the prey from wind direction; deodorize your body’s scent by applying thick mud on the body.
– Try to hide behind the shielding things so that the beast cannot find you. (Hiding at the low point is harder to be detected than at the high points.)
– Add leaves to the body to enhance the integration, which makes it difficult to recognize.
For professional hunters, they can reach some birds and animals by pretending their cry using trumpets, aids, or their voice (But be sure you mimic well, otherwise it will be counter-productive). Upon hearing these cries, these birds and animals believe they are the cries of their fellows; so they will come and be trapped.
For those who are not familiar with hunting, when approaching a prey at close range, they will get a strong heartbeat and clammy-with-sweat hands. In this case, you should take a deep breath and then exhale several times gently to calm down. Otherwise, even if you have a gun, you may fail to shoot.
If using a gun, for big animals, just shoot at the head, collarbone and shoulder blade. If using a bow and poisoned arrow, then shoot at the area near the heart.
In case the wounded animal runs away, you should follow the bloodstains cautiously. If it is a ferocious beast, when traced, it will hide and suddenly attack us. Even if you see the animal has died, you have to be careful, because it is likely that they just pretend to die, or there are some very dangerous final reactions before its death (especially of predators). Be careful to move slowly in the position “to be ready” and probe by standing far away to throw stones at them, or take a long pole to poke into the snout until you are sure they have been dead.
For daytime hunting, in addition to scouring, you can ambush at the place where birds and animals often move around, particularly when there are their traces of frequenting for a drink. It is very easy to shoot down the goal, but you have to hide from the wind and carefully camouflage.
Nighttime hunting is a very effective way of hunting, but it requires you to remember paths and have lights (at least a portable flashlight). In the darkness, through the reflection of light, animals’ eyes lit up. Hunters with a wealth of experience can distinguish what kind an animal is, through reflected eye color, distance between the eyes, the size of the eyes, and the movement, blinking of the eyes (Usually the herbivores’ eyes reflect a pink light and predators’ face reflects a blue light.) To kill the beast, you should shoot straight into the middle of his eyes. But shooting at night is a technique that requires a process of practicing and accumulating experience and is not as easy as at daytime.
Without lights, you can find a hiding place to ambush shortly before at dark. Do not scour at night because it is very dangerous.